New Study Shows Mediterranean diet which includes fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts may reduce the risk of frailty in older adults. Frailty is common among older people. Elderly people who are frail may have weaker muscles, weight loss, and low energy reserves. This can lead to falls, bone fractures, dementia and premature death. It also places a costly burden on the NHS and social care.
A team of doctors led by Kate Walters, Ph.D. and Gotaro Kojima, MD, of University College London, in the UK, looked to see if following a healthy diet might decrease one’s risk of frailty. The researchers analyzed evidence from all published studies examining associations between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and development of frailty in older individuals.
They analyzed evidence from 4 studies carried out in France, Spain, Italy and China involving 5,789 older people.People were typically followed for almost 4 years.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, found “evidence that greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with significantly lower risk of incident frailty in community-dwelling older people”.
The Mediterranean diet mainly emphasizes foods that are low-fat, low- cholesterol and high- fiber. It is based on food patterns typical of Greece and southern Italy in the 1960s. The researchers noted that the Mediterranean diet may help older individuals maintain muscle strength, activity, weight, and energy levels.The research appears in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
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