Google Celebrates Fridtjof Nansen 156th Birth Anniversary: The famous Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian, champion skier and ice skater Fridtjof Nansen’s 156th Birth Anniversary. Google made a doodle for him in his memory. Born on October 10, 1861 to a prosperous lawyer and a mother who encouraged her children to be athletic and develop physical skills, Nansen soon became an expert in various physical activities such as skating, tumbling, swimming and skiing.
He won international fame after reaching a record northern latitude of 86°14′ during his North Pole expedition of 1893–96. Nansen studied zoology at the Royal Frederick University in Christiania (renamed Oslo in 1925), and later worked as a curator at the Bergen Museum where his research on the central nervous system of lower marine creatures earned him a doctorate and helped establish modern theories of neurology.
In 1888, he led a party of six across Greenland, the interiors of which were previously unexplored, and survived harsh conditions and dangerous icy terrain to emerge on the west coast of the country after a trip of two months, bringing back important information. Two years later, he published his book “The First Crossing of Greenland”. Nansen was a firm believer of moving forward.
Google Celebrates Fridtjof Nansen 156th Birth Anniversary with Doodle
On his trip to Greenland, he made his party burn their boats so that going back was no longer an option. In 1905, Fridtjof Nansen fought for the independence of Norway from Sweden, and after the Union dissolved, served as the country’s minister to Britain. In 1919, Nansen became the president of the Norweian Union for the League of Nations and was an influential lobbyist for the adoption of the League Covenant and for recognition of the rights of small nations.
The Nansen Passports were documents of identification which were eventually recognized by more than 50 governments. The Red Cross also asked him to direct relief for millions of Russians dying in the 1921-1922 famine. Despite little support for Russia and help difficult to muster, Nansen pursued his task with vigor and energy. He ended up saving lives of seven million to 22 million people.
In 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of the displaced victims of the First World War and related conflicts. He worked on behalf of refugees until his sudden death in 1930, after which the League established the Nansen International Office for Refugees to ensure that his work continued. This office received the Nobel Peace Prize for 1938. His name is commemorated in numerous geographical features, particularly in the polar regions.
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